PD Dr. Angela A. Bruch



The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans
Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut
Senckenberganlage 25
60325 Frankfurt am Main
+49 69 7542 1568

Curriculum Vitae

Main research interests

  • Climate and Vegetation history
  • Quantification of vegetation parameters and terrestrial palaeoclimate
  • The regional impact of global palaeoclimatic changes The influence of environmental changes on early human expansions
  • Plant food resources and their availability in different landscapes


Academic background

since February 2008 scientific researcher at Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften in research project “The role of culture in the early expansions of humans”

2011 Habilitation (Palaeontology), Faculty of Science, University of Tübingen

2006 – 2008 research assistant at Senckenberg Research Institute, Department of Palaeontology und Historical Geology, working group Climate and Environment

2005 – 2006 research assistant at the Institute of Geosciences, University of Frankfurt

1999 – 2005 research assistant at the Institute of Geosciences, University of Tübingen

1998 Dissertation in Palaeontology (Dr. rer. nat.), University of Tübingen

1991 Diploma in Geology and Palaeontology, University of Kiel

Ausgewählte Publikationen und Vorträge


Bruch full pub until 2019: pdf


Mahler, S., Shatilova, I. & Bruch, A.A. (2022): Neogene long-term trends in climate of the Colchic vegetation refuge in Western Georgia - Uplift versus global cooling. Review of Palbotany and Palynology 296, 104546. DOI: 10.1016/j.revbalbo.2021.104546.

Altolaguirre, Y., Schulz, M., Gibert, L. & Bruch, A.A. (2021): Mapping Early Pleistocene environments and the availability of plant food as a potential driver of early Homo presence in the Guadix-Baza Basin (Spain). Journal of Human Evolution 155, 102986. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2021.102986.

Bolus, M., Bruch, A., Haidle, M., Hertler, C., Heß, J., Kanaeva, Z., Kandel, A., Malina, M. & Sommer, C. (2021): Durch die Menschheitsgeschichte mit dem neuen ROAD Summary Data Sheet. Archäologische Informationen 43, 413.

Bolus, M., Bruch, A., Haidle, M., Hertler, C., Heß, J., Kanaeva, Z., Kandel, A., Malina, M. & Sommer, C. (2021): Explore the history of humanity with the new ROAD Summary Data Sheet. Archäologische Informationen 43, 413-414.

Bruch, A.A. & Hahn, K. (2021): Roh oder geröstet? Wie Feuernutzung den Speisezettel verändert. In: Giemsch, L. & Haidle, M.N. (eds): Menschsein – Die Anfänge unserer Kultur. Begleitband zur Ausstellung. Mainz: Nünnerich-Asmus, 75-80.

Ghosh, R., Biswas, A., Bruch, A.A., Utescher, T., Sen, I., Paruya, D.K., Guha, A., Sultan-Ul-Islam, M. & Bera., S. (2021): Palaeoclimate estimates based on the late Miocene to early Pleistocene wood flora of the Bengal Basin: an insight into the climatic evolution of the southern Asia. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 101(1), 141–162. DOI: 10.1007/s12549-020-00467-8.

Henrot, A.J., Bruch, A.A., François, L. & Utescher, T. (2021): Introduction to NECLIME Special Issue - Biodiversity and floral patterns in the course of Cenozoic climate change. Geological Journal 56(2), 613–615. DOI: 10.1002/gj.4075.

Shatilova I.I., Kokolashvili I.M., Bukhsianidze M.G., Koiava K.P., Maissuradze L.S. & Bruch A.A. (2021): Late Cenozoic bioevents on the territory of Georgia (foraminifera and pollen). Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia. (Monographie).

Uhl, D., Bruch, A.A. & Utescher, T. (2021): Introduction to the special issue “Palaeobotanical contributions in honour of Volker Mosbrugger”. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 101(1), 1–8. DOI: 10.1007/s12549-021-00484-1.

Altolaguirre, Y., Bruch, A.A. & Gibert, L. (2020): A long Early Pleistocene pollen record from Baza Basin (SE Spain): Major contributions to the palaeoclimate and palaeovegetation of Southern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 321. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106199.

Haidle, M. N., Bolus, M., Bruch, A. A., Hertler, C., Hochschild, V., Kanaeva, Z., Sommer, C. & Kandel, A. W. (2020): Human Origins—Digital Future, an international conference about the future of archeological and paleoanthropological databases. Evolutionary Anthropology. DOI: 10.1002/evan.21870

Hayrapetyan, A., Bruch, A.A. (2020): Pollen morphology of some species of the genus Quercus L. (Fagaceae) in the Southern Caucasus and adjacent areas. Acta Palaeobotanica 1-42. DOI: 10.35535/acpa-2020-0001.

Altolaguirre, Y., Postigo-Mijarra, J.M., Barrón López, E., Carrión, J.S., Leroy, S.A.G., Bruch, A.A. (2019): An environmental scenario for the earliest hominins in the Iberian Peninsula: Early Pleistocene palaeovegetation and palaeoclimate. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 260, 51-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.10.008

Krijgsman, W., Tesakov, A., Yanina, T., Lazarev, S., Danukalova, G., Van Baak, C.G.C., Agustí, J., Alçiçek, M.C., Aliyeva, E., Bista, D., Bruch, A., Büyükmeriç, Y., Bukhsianidze, M., Flecker, R., Frolov, P., Hoyle, T.M., Jorissen, E.L., Kirscher, U., Koriche, S.A., Kroonenberg, S.B., Lordkipanidze, D., Oms, O., Rausch, L., Singarayer, J., Stoica, M., van de Velde, S., Titov, V.V., Wesselingh, F.P. (2019): Quaternary time scales for the Pontocaspian domain: Interbasinal connectivity and faunal evolution. Earth-Science Reviews 188, 1-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.10.013

Shatilova, I.I., Kvavadze, E.V., Kokolashvili, I.M. & Bruch, A.A. (2018): Atlas of Pollen of the Georgian upper Cenozoic – Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia. ISBN 978-9941-27-348-3.

Ghosh, R., Bruch, A.A., Portmann, F., Bera, S., Paruya, D.K., Morthekai, P. & Ali, S.N. (2017): A modern pollen–climate dataset from the Darjeeling area, eastern Himalaya: Assessing its potential for past climate reconstruction. Quaternary Science Reviews 174, 63-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.002.

Kirscher, U., Oms, O., Bruch, A.A., Shatilova, I., Chochishvili, G. & Bachtadse, V. (2017): The Calabrian in the Western Transcaucasian basin (Georgia): Paleomagnetic constraints from the Gurian regional stage. Quaternary Science Reviews 160, 96-107. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.01.017.

François, L., Bruch, A.A., Utescher, T., Spicer, R.A. & Spicer, T. (2017): Reconstructing Cenozoic vegetation from proxy data and models – a NECLIME synthesis (Editorial). NECLIME special issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 467, 1-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.11.043.

Teodoridis, V., Bruch, A.A., Kvaček, Z., Vassio, E., Martinetto, E. & Stuchlik, L. (2017): Plio-Pleistocene floras of the Vildštejn Formation in the Cheb Basin, Czech Republic – a floristic and palaeoenvironmental review. NECLIME special issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 467, 166-190. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.09.038.

Maul, L.C., Smith, K.T., Shenbrot, G., Bruch, A.A., Barkai, R. & Gopher, A. (2016): Palaeoecological and biostratigraphical implications of the microvertebrates of Qesem Cave in Israel. Quaternary International 398, 219-232. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.04.032.

Utescher, T., Bruch, A.A., Erdei, B., François, L., Ivanov, D., Jacques, F.M.B., Kern, A.K., Yu-Sheng (C.) Liu & Mosbrugger, V. (2014): The Coexistence Approach - theoretical background and practical considerations of using plant fossils for climate quantification. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 410, 58-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.05.031

Kirscher, U., Gabrielyan, I., Scharrer, S., Bruch, A.A., Kuiper, K. & Bachtadse, V. (2014): High resolution magnetostratigraphy and radiometric dating of Early Pleistocene lake sediments from Southern Armenia. Quaternary International 328-329, 31-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.06.010

Bruch, A.A., Sievers, C. & Wadley, L. (2012): Quantification of climate and vegetation from Southern African Middle Stone Age sites – an application using Late Pleistocene plant material from Sibudu, South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 47, 7-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.04.005.



Bruch, A.A., Papikyan, A., Gabrielyan, I., Kvavadze, E. (oral).The resource space of Early Homo in Europe ─ implications from vegetation dynamics and plant food resource availability in the Caucasus. 20th Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research INQUA Dublin, Ireland, July 2019.

Bruch, A.A., Papikyan, A., Schulz, M., Hahn, K., Gabrielyan, I. (oral). Plant food resources and implications on the diet of Homo erectus in the Caucasus. PRIDE-RCMNS Conference Abstracts, Tbilisi, Georgia, 27.-29.08.2018. >a href="https://pontocaspian.eu/sites/default/files/PRIDE-RCMNS_CONFERENCE_2018_ABSTRACTS_updated%20version_0.pdf">http://pontocaspian.eu/sites/default/files/PRIDE-RCMNS_CONFERENCE_2018_ABSTRACTS_updated%20version_0.pdf

Bruch, A.A. (oral). Early Hominid Expansions into Eurasia: Palaeobotanical Considerations. Visiting Scientist Lecture Series, Department of Botany, Universtiy of Calcutta, India, 20. Nov 2018. invited

Bruch, A.A. (oral). Changes of vegetation and plant resources in the Southern Caucasus – Introduction to the project PlantBITES. NECLIME extended workshop, Sofia, Bulgaria, 25.-27.09.18

Chikhelidze, N., Kapanadze, T., Shatilova, I., Kvavadze, E., Gabrielyan, I., Bruch, A.A. (poster). Palynological and macrobotanical comparative investigation of Gurian (Late Early Pleistocene) marine sediments in Western Georgia. PRIDE-RCMNS Conference Abstracts, Tbilisi, Georgia, 27.-29.08.2018. http://pontocaspian.eu/sites/default/files/PRIDE-RCMNS_CONFERENCE_2018_ABSTRACTS_updated%20version_0.pdf

Hayrapetyan, N., Hakobyan, E., Gabrielyan, I., Kvavadze, E., Bruch, A.A. (poster). Late Holocene environmental changes in the Lake Sevan basin– implications from palynological and carpological analyses of peatbog sediments from Tsovinar-1, Armenia. PRIDE-RCMNS Conference Abstracts, Tbilisi, Georgia, 27.-29.08.2018. http://pontocaspian.eu/sites/default/files/PRIDE-RCMNS_CONFERENCE_2018_ABSTRACTS_updated%20version_0.pdf


Current Projects

  • PlantBITES - Changes of Vegetation and Plant Resources in the Southern Caucasus


    in cooperation with Dr. Ivan Gabrielyan (Botanical Institute of the Armenian Academy of Sciences, Yerevan, Armenia) and Prof. Dr. Eliso Kvavadze (Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia), sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (2017-2019)

    The scientific goals of the joint project are to study the history of vegetation of Southern Caucasus since the first occupation with early humans within a complex topographic setting and in relation to climate. The project will reconstruct the environment of different time periods under different global climatic situations to increase our understanding of the natural and anthropogenic influences of global climatic changes on regional vegetation and ecosystems. A database on wild useful plants emphasizes vegetation as an essential resource of humans.


  • PhD-project Yul Altolaguirre: High-resolution analysis of the Early Pleistocene regional environment before, during and after the first expansion of early Homo into Southern Spain

    in cooperation with Luis Gibert, Dept. of Mineralogy, Petrology and Applied Geology, Barcelona University, Barcelona, Spain

    To shed light on potential corridors of early human expansions into Western Europe, we reconstruct larger-scale vegetation changes based on high-resolution pollen analyses of core material including the application of quantitative methods for climate and vegetation reconstructions. This will enable detailed insights in the regional response of Western Mediterranean vegetation on global climate change in the course of Early Pleistocene orbital climatic cycles. This results in important implications for spatial and temporal fluctuations in the availability of resources and their influence on early human expansion.